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? ???????????? ????? ??? ????? ??? - ???? ????? ???????? - ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????, ????????? ?? ????????? ??????. ?? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????????. ?? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????, ? ????? - ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? - ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????, ??? ????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ???????????. ???? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ????????????, ????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????????, ??? ?? ???????? ????? ?????????, ????? ??????????? ???????, ???? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????????? ????????????.

????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ? ???????? ???????? ??????, ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???, ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? 1994, ???? ?? ????? ? ???????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????, ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? 19? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????, ???' ??? ?? ???????? ??? 20?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????, ? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????, ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????, ?? ???????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ???????????. ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? - ???? ?????? - ????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???, ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? 1922.

????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????, ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???, ??? ?? ?????????, ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????, ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????????.

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? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? 1914 - 1918 ? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????, ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ????, ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???????, ????????, ???????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????????.

??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? K??????????????? M????????, ?? N????????? ???????????? ?? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? E?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? M????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? P???? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? . H ????????????????? ???? ???? ???? ?????????, ???? ? ????????? ???, ???? ????? ?????, ??????????? ???? ????????, ?????? ??? ????? . O? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????????.

O???????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????????????, ??????????? ?? ???????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ??? ????????? E?????????, ?? ??????????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??????????? ????? ??? N?????????, ????????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????. ????????????, ???? 16 I?????? 1916 ? ???????? ???????? ??? A????? Kuckhoff ?????? ??? ????????? E?????????, ??? B???????: ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? K????????? ???? ?????????. E????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ???????? ? ???? [1]??????, ????? ?????? ?? ????????????, ???????? ??? ???????????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ?????. 1

?? ???????, ???? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????????, ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????, ???????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ???? ????? ?' ????.

?? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? 350.000 ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? 1.500.000.

?? ??????? ??? ?????????

?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????? (1914), ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????. ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ???? ???????? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????.

??? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?????????) ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????????. ??? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??? ?? ?????????????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????. ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ????, ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??? ????????. ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????. ????????? ??????????, ??????????, ???????, ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????.

?? ????????? ??? 1916 ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????. ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? 16 - 60 ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????. ?? ????????? ???????? 15 ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????. ? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????.

???? ???? ?? ????? ???????????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??? 1918, ???? ? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ????????. ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????????. ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????????.

???? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????. ??? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????, ???????????, ???????? ??? ??????, ?? ???????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???????. ???? ??? ?????? ????????, ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????? ( ????????? '18) ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?????.

???? 19 ????? ??? 1919 ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????. ?????? ? ??????? ???? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ?????.

O???? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????????? ??? P????? ??? ??? A??????? ???? K????????? ??? ?? ???????? ???. O M??????? K???? ??? ???? ?? ?????????:

B???? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??????. A????????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????. ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ????????????? ? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????. ?? ????????????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? M????? ????????. H ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????. ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ????????????.

...A??? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????, ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???, ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????, ???? ? ???? ?? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ???. A??? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????, ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? P?????. M? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????. [2]

?? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??????, ????-????, ??????-????, ???, ????????????, ??? ??? ??????????, ??? ???????, ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ???. ?? ??????, ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????????: ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????, ??????? ????????/ ??????? ???????, ?????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????. ??????? 18??? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????. ?? ???????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ???? ???????????? ?? ??????? ??????, ?? ?????? ????, ?? ?????????? ??????, ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????????. ???? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????. ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????. ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ????????????, ??? ???????????????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????.

?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ?????, ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????????. ?? ???????? ??? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????.

H ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????, ??????, ???????????, ??? ???? ????????? background, ???? ?????? ????????, ???????????????. O? ?????????? ??????????, ??????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ???????? - ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? - ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? Ausschwitz, ?? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? - ???! ???? ???? ??? Ausschwitz ?? ???, ?? ???????? ??????? ???' ????, ??? ??????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????, ???, ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????, ??? ???????, ??? ?????, ??? ??????????? ??? ??????????.A??? ???? ?? ????????? ???????, ?????? ??????????. ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? Ausschwitz ????? ??? ???? ????????????? ??? ?????? ?????. T? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ? ???????, ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????? .[3]

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????. ?????????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????, ????????, ???????????? ????????? ??? ??????????, ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?.?.?.

? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ?' ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ????????? ???, ?? ?????????? 10 ????? 1922 ???????????: ???? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?' ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????????....... ?? 2/3 ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????.........???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? 1500 ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???????. ???? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ??????, ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????.......

? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???????????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????. ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????, ? ?????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ???? 13 ????????? 1923, ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????: ????????? ???? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????.

?????? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ???????, ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????????, ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????. ?' ???? - ?? ????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? - ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????, ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????, ???? ??? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???????????, ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????. ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????, ???? ?????? ? ???????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????.

??????? ?????, ??????????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????. ??? ?? ????????, ??' ?????? ????, ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????, ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????, ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????, ???? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?? ????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????. ??? ???? ???????? ? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????, ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ?????: .......???????????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????????, ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????. ???? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????????, ????, ????????, ??????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ?????. ? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????, ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ? ????? ?? ???? ????????. ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????????, ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ????????. ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ????, ??? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????, ??? ??????????, ??????? ??? ??????????? ????. ???? ????, ???????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ????????????? ???????? ????, ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????.[4]

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[1] ?. ????????, ????? ? ?????????? ???? ?????????? www.pontos.gr

[2] ?. ????????, ????? ? ?????????? ???? ?????????? www.pontos.gr

[3] ?. ????????, ????? ? ?????????? ???? ?????????? www.pontos.gr

[4] ?.????? , "?? ??? ??????", ???. 14


 
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